National Democratic Revolution
by Danish Khan
When we try to investigate the region of South Asia, the conflict of the Jammu and Kashmir flashes our imagination. More than 100,000 lives have been lost in the bloodiest dispute of the Jammu and Kashmir between India and Pakistan. It will not be wrong to say that the establishments of both India and Pakistan working on the agenda of Imperial powers have exploited the conflict of Kashmir as a popular tool to keep millions of people of the sub-continent under the clouds of darkness, poverty and misery. While during all this time the people who have been most affected by this ever lasting dispute are the unfortunate people of the Jammu and Kashmir. It is essential that the legacy of Kashmir dispute should be put to an end, and a new dawn should emerge from the beautiful mountains of Kashmir which will ensure a prosperous and peaceful future for the coming generations of sub continent.
The present status of the Jammu and Kashmir is similar to a neo-colony. When I will use the term Kashmir, I am referring to the whole region of the Jammu and Kashmir. The armed forces of both India and Pakistan have occupied the territory of the Kashmir. The people of Kashmir have been denied from their basic civic liberties. To make sure the status quo in the Kashmir, the India and Pakistan are spending almost three forth of their economic budget on the military. If we analyze the means of production of the Kashmir they are pre-capitalist in nature. In these harsh realities it is inevitable that only the scientific knowledge of Marxism-Leninism has a potential to emancipate the most oppressed and exploited people of the Kashmir. In the light of Marxism-Leninism a “National Democratic Revolution” can solve this conflict by emancipating the people of Kashmir from occupation, oppression and exploitation. National Democratic Revolution in Kashmir can also trickle starts the series of “people’s democratic revolution” in the sub-continent. Because the defeat of arm forces of India and Pakistan in Kashmir can only weaken their stranglehold in their own countries respectively. Thus it will be a huge opening for the people’s movement in India and Pakistan to take control of the state affairs and close all doors for Imperialism.
First let’s develop the basic understanding of the National Democratic Revolution in context of the Kashmir. In existing conditions, “the complete expulsion of arm forces of both India and Pakistan from the occupied territory, and the creation of an Independent democratic state of Jammu and Kashmir, and the resources and wealth of the Kashmir under the democratic control of the people of the Kashmir, these will be the basis of the
National democratic revolution”. The working class will be the dominant force and which will move uninterruptedly towards social emancipation and total abolition of exploitation of man by man. The foundation of modern agriculture will be laid down, the distribution of land in the peasants, and the Industrialization of the society will take place and new modern relations of production will abolish the remnants of pre-capitalist relations. The complete democratization of the society by popularizing democratic, secular and liberal ideas in the masses. Religious hatred and extremism will not be tolerated; the society will be progressive in every sense of the word by keeping religion out of the state affairs, and the elevation of the living standards of the common people, these are the some historical changes which will take place under the umbrella of National Democratic Revolution in Kashmir.
While the conscious Marxist Leninist leadership of the Kashmir aims to lead the working class towards their historical destination of Socialism and it is the unique quality of the Marxist Leninist leadership to take revolution from democratic stage to the socialist stage. While some Trotskyites argue that national struggle of Kashmiri’s is in contradiction with the class struggle as a whole. Trotskyites are basically unable to comprehend the class context of the national struggle and the national context of the class struggle. The National democratic revolution flows from the concrete realties of the existing material conditions of the Kashmir. Class struggle does not fade away in to the background when the working class temporarily allies on a minimum agreed agenda with other classes. In 1930’s the rapid aggression of Hitler’s Fascism demanded workers to fight against fascism, it was the true content of the workers class struggle to fight fascism. Similarly when workers in Vietnam were emphasizing the fight against Japanese militarist occupation, and later French and US imperialism, they were fighting along the correct path of class struggle. As Lenin criticized the same mindset as Trotskyites are portraying today. Lenin said, (Collected Works, Volume 22)
” So one army lines up on one side and says we are “for socialism” and another somewhere else and says, we are “for imperialism”, and that will be a social revolution.!! Whoever expects a “pure” social revolution will never live to see it. Such a person only pays lip serves to revolution without understanding what revolution is”
There is both distinction and continuity between National democratic and Socialist revolutions, and they are interconnected with each other. As Lenin said in his (Selected works, Volume 1)
“We all categorize bourgeois revolution and socialist revolution, we all insist on the absolute necessity of strictly distinguish between them. However, can it be denied that in the course of history individual particular elements of both revolutions become interwoven?”
It is inevitable that final destination follows from the particular preceding stages. The existing neo colonial status of the Kashmir and pre capitalist relations requires a well structured democratic revolution which will lay the concrete foundation for socialism. The working classes of both Pakistan and India should and will support the National democratic Revolution in Kashmir, as it will be a start of a new age which will lead us to the creation of autonomous and self governing people republics, and they can be linked to each other in a Socialist Union of sub continent.
P, Hudson, “The freedom Charter and the National democratic revolution”. Tranformation, 1986.
“Approaches to the national question in South Africa”, Transforamtion 1986.
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