Archive for the Pakistan Category

Hasan Nasir

Posted in Communist Movement, Pakistan with tags , on November 6, 2009 by Umer

by Syed Ehtisham

Scion of an aristocratic family of Hyderabad, Deccan, Hasan Nasir was a student at the Cambridge University in England, when he came under the influence of the communist party, which had a vibrant presence in the academia of UK during the post WW II period.

According to a senior friend, he was on his way to England, when his steamship stopped in Karachi. He went on shore to meet progressive friends, who persuaded him to stay in Karachi.

According to party sources, he was sent by the CPI as assistant to Sajjad Zaheer, who took over as the secretary general of the party in Pakistan.

The CPP was implicated in in the so called Pindi conspiracy case of 1951. besides army, navy and air force officers, Sajjad Zaheer, Faiz Sahib, Hasan Nasir and a few journalists were arrested. Faiz sahib wrote some of his best poetry in Hyderabad Sind jail.

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Communist Party of Pakistan, Circular, 29th, October 2009.

Posted in Communist Movement, Pakistan with tags , on November 3, 2009 by Umer

The tussle between the elected institutions of Pakistan and the undemocratic, forces of obscurantism and regression has gained greater momentum causing chaos and & uncertainty, which has unfolded in the recent boondoggle of the Army’s General Head Quarter (GHQ) and civilian presidency, forcing the civilian administration to refrain from public welfare and democratic dispensations.

Similarly the differences between the civilian administration of the US President Mr. Obama Hussein and the military complex of PANTAGON, is now a day light matter.

The sheer lack of acumen, in addition to political infancy on the part of the civilian government of Pakistan, has offered an excellent opportunity for the undemocratic forces of medievalism, and fundamentalism to hatch overt and covert ploys, to uproot the democratically elected infrastructure.
The present democratic political government bodies, certainly came into being as result of the out of way reaction shown by the people of Sindh province over the then heinous assassination of the twice former prime minister of Pakistan Ms. Benazir Bhutto at the hands of described above forces of infinite evil.

These undemocratic obscurantism forces have now conceived to launch a stalemating blow on the government, by ruse engineered anti govt echoes from sindh, so as to replicate that, the people of Sindh have now withdrawn their support and mandate for the elected government as incompetent and clumsy in the matters of governance. This press statement was issued by comrade Imdad Qazi, a central spokesperson of the Communist Party of Pakistan at the conclusion of the central secretariat meeting at the party’s central secretariat office at, Nasim Nagar -111/ D, Hydrabad .

The meeting was chaired by Secretary General, comrade Chacha Maula Bux Khaskheli .

Comrade Qazi, further disclosed, that the central leadership of Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N)has also gone split away into two poles, as the meeting of Army chief General Kyani, with Ch. Nisar and Shahbaz Sharif indicates their slip towards the undemocratic antagonistic camp, where the other half, pretends to hold the present political dispensation intact seeking the role of legitimate parliamentary opposition .

Comrade Qazi, hence forth highlighted that, the unfortunate sheer indifferent attitude of the Pakistan peoples party’s govt about the urgent public issues, like its predecessors PML-Q has shocked the people, which will end up in total devastation and regress of the infantile democratic infrastructures . With this, CPP demands the PPP govt, to address the people’s needs, lower the prices for sugar, flour, edible oil, utility and petroleum products as the present sky rocketing inflationary and devaluation of the national currency has broken the purchasing back bone of the common people, so its better the govt halt dragging the people towards beggary and create working, job opportunities in order to reinstate the people’s trust in the democratic dispensations.

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Women’s Revolution

Posted in Communist Movement, Marxism, Pakistan with tags , , , , , on October 9, 2009 by Umer

by Danish Khan

The science of Genetics and Human Anatomy can not rationalize the oppression faced by women, and their supposed inferiority relative to the men in today’s society. The oppression and exploitation of women are not rooted in their biology, instead they are originated from certain socio-economic conditions. If you travel across the globe you will see women in different roles and in different clothing. But the one thing that all women share in common is the highest degree of oppression and exploitation. It is true that in advanced industrialist societies women are enjoying relatively more freedom and rights as compared to the ones in underdeveloped feudal remnant societies.

To understand the discrimination and the oppression of women in advanced Capitalist countries, we need to completely understand their economic system which is Capitalism. Capitalism depends on the subjugation of women for its very survival. Sexism, racism and every other divisive tool the capitalists possess are vital wedges needed to drive apart male workers from their female comrades in order to prevent the rise of Workers Unity that can defeat this system of oppression. Women have been stringed in such an intense and rigorous life style, they have to take care of their children, home and they also have to work to make both ends meet. Shouldering this extra weight leaves the women workers with little free time to become politically active. This leads women to being forced into the most exploitative living conditions.

While on the other hand when we analyze the material conditions of women of Pakistan and Kashmir, it really reflects the true nature of feudal remnants and tribalism. Women in our society are the most vulnerable creatures. They have been restrained from any economic activity which results in to their role as secondary citizens. Women in our societies are still living in the slavery mode. The ruling class of the country is taking the most advantage of this miserable situation of 49% of the population.

Women in Pakistan and Kashmir are living under strict religious, family and tribal customs that essentially force them to live in submission and fear. Women are subjected to discrimination and violence on a daily basis due to the cultural and religious norms which are the by product of the socio-economic system. According to the recent report by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, only 2 percent of Pakistani women participate in the formal sector of employment. 93 percent of rural women and 72 percent of urban women are illiterate. The Male dominance and commodification subjects women to violence on a daily basis in Pakistan. Approximately 70 to 90 percent of Pakistani women are subjected to domestic violence. The murder in the name of “honor,” is one of the worst practices of our society. The rape occurs in Pakistan every two hours with one in every 12,500 women being victims of rape. Five women per day are killed. These are the drastic and terrifying statistics pleading to us to take immediate action for the emancipation of these oppressed women. Although there are feminist groups working in Pakistan but they are funded by certain lobby groups, thus their efforts and willingness is very limited because they are trying to improve the living conditions of women in the jurisdiction of the present socio economic system. Thus the only real hope for the emancipation of oppressed women is the revolutionary Marxists of the country. While a common theme shared by liberal feminist groups and the conservatives that men and women have competing interests. We totally reject this kind of thinking, we understand that Bourgeois class has an interest in maintaining gender divisions, while we Marxists have an interest in breaking them down. We fight along class lines for justice and equality not because as some academics have asserted, “Marxism doesn’t understand the women’s struggle”, but for precisely the opposite reason. Marxism is infused with over 150 years of experience in the struggle against the exploitation and oppression of women. In February 1917, it was the women of Petrograd who marched from factory to factor, rousing their sons, brothers and fathers out into the streets. In February 2009, two Iranian female political activists were sentenced to 100 lashes in public for attending a May Day rally.

It is understood that in the limits of the present socio economic system it is almost impossible to improve the living conditions of women. The only real solution to the problems of Pakistani and Kashmiri women is the revolutionary Marxism. We believe there can be no revolution without the emancipation of women. The progressive revolutionary movement is starting to revive again in our society. It is the prerequisite of our revolution to educate and aware our women. We believe women are going to play the most decisive role in the success of our Red Revolution.

Some stats of 2008

Posted in Pakistan on October 7, 2009 by Umer

From Human Right Comission Pakistan (HRCP) Report:

Terrorism

Last year the number of terrorist attacks in the NWFP alone was 1,016

Women & Children

1,210 were killed, 612 for honour.
Over 800 sexually harassed,
350 raped,
45 gang-raped
13 were stripped

185 women killed in domestic violence with four recorded instances of amputation.
138 women were injured and 30 killed as a result of burnings
37 were bunt with acid burn

114 children were killed for honour and karo-kari,
221 girls and several hundred boys were reported to have been raped, gang-raped, subjected to sodomy or stripped in public.

700,000 children lived and worked on the streets

Minorities

Over 1,000 Shias killed In Kurram tribal agency by Islamic extremists
3 Three Ahmadis were killed in September after a popular television channel declared that killing Ahmadis was permissible under Islamic norms

Unemployment

500,000 workers lost their jobs because energy shortages had affected production.

Education

4,575 primary schools in the public sector in Fata,
1,777 were without basic facilities, including drinking water, toilets, electricity and boundary walls.
57,000 schools across Sindh, over 8,000 were ghost schools
nearly 6.5 million children in the age group of five to nine remained out of schools, over 2.6 million in the NWFP.

Prison Conditions

59,000 prisoners in 32 prisons meant for no more than 21,000.

Suicides from poverty

2,528 people, including 1,725 men and 803 women, committed suicide in 2008.
7 people commit suicide in Pakistan every day. The prime cause of suicides is poverty.

Faheem Hussain – Lal Salam!

Posted in Communist Movement, Pakistan with tags , , on October 6, 2009 by Umer

by Rinku Dutta

To the profound sorrow of his world-wide circle of friends and family, Faheem Hussain breathed his last in Trieste, a seaside port-city in north-eastern Italy, on September 29. He succumbed to prostrate cancer. He was 67.

Faheem’s journey had begun on July 23, 1942, at Yavatmal (earlier
spelled as Yeotmal), in the Indian state of Maharashtra, an aspect of his composite identity that he would later often assert: a Hyderabadi Dakhani. At the time of the Partition his family moved to Pakistan, and he enrolled for under-graduate studies at FC College, Lahore. He pursued higher education in England, finishing with a doctorate in physics from Imperial College, London, having worked in the group lead by the illustrious Abdus Salam. For post-doctorate work he went to the University of Chicago, Illinois. Academic training successfully completed, he returned to Pakistan in 1968. He devoted the prime years of his life (26-47) as an inspiring and energetic faculty member at the department of physics at the Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, while simultaneously engaging in political activism, committed to class struggle against oppressive systems in the country.

The Zia years saw major disruptions in his professional and personal lives, culminating with Faheem leaving Pakistan in 1989. For a while he functioned as a visiting professor at the Johannes-Gutenberg University, in Mainz, Germany. The years 1990 to 2004- his mature years (48-62)- he contributed as a Senior Staff Scientist at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Trieste, Italy.

After retiring from ICTP, Faheem returned, once again, to Pakistan, as a ‘foreign faculty’ at the National Center for Physics, Islamabad, and later accepted an influential position at the School of Sciences and Engineering, LUMS, Lahore. My association with Faheem was during these post-retirement years, when he was actively re-engaged with science education in Pakistan.

When I think of Faheem, I think red: he was partial to the red part of the spectrum- to shades of flaming orange ranging to brilliant carmine. They resonated well with his vibrant personality- ever-curious, exploring, analyzing, thrilling in the joy of sparring with nature. His was one of the keenest minds that I’ve had the fortune of seeing in action. He had the gift of cutting the clutter around any issue, and rephrasing the problem in clearer terms. I marveled at how he would often succeed in ‘reducing’ a complex problem, and present it in terms of a ‘previously solved’, and therefore easier-to-attack, question. This applied to a broad variety of questions, not necessarily limited to physics, or to his area of specialization-theoretical elementary particle physics.

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LEASING OR SELLING PAKISTAN?

Posted in Communist Movement, Pakistan with tags , , , , on October 5, 2009 by Umer

Press Release

Karachi, Oct 2: At a time when the Pakistan People’s Party-led coalition government seems to be bent upon bartering away the strategic, political and economic ownership in the name of boosting financial resources, pro-people and patriotic political forces of Pakistan are perturbed over the rationale of the so-called ruling elite devoid of national interests and self-respect.

To resist the government’s latest move to lease 0.6 million acres of land to oil rich Saudi Arabia and one million acres to American and European investors, an important meeting of the representative of the National Workers Party, Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party Pakistan, Communist Party of Pakistan and Awami Party was held here at the residence of Yusuf Musti Khan, Vice President of the National Workers Party. The meeting was presided over by General Secretary, Communist Mazdoor Kissan Party, Comrade Ejaz Ghani.

The meeting took a serious notice of a devastating design under which the agricultural land would be sold or leased to foreign investors under the cover of bagging foreign investment, the ultimate outcome of which would culminate into losing the national grip of Pakistan’s ownership. This will not enhance agricultural production but is destined to be ominous for agricultural sector, jolting the very foundation of national sovereignty.

A plan of action against the nefarious government’s move was adopted and the modus operandi to resist it would be finalized within a few days.
Those attended the meeting included Akhtar Hussain, Usman Baloch and Ishtiaq Azmi (NWP); Mansoor Saeed & Dr. Mazhar Hyder (CPP); A.R.Arif & Zafar Aslam (CMKP); Ramzan Memon (AP); Zaheer Akhtar Bedri (writer & columnist) and others.

Issued by:
Zafar Aslam (CMKP)

On Pakistan and National Unity

Posted in Communist Movement, Pakistan with tags , , , , , , , , on September 30, 2009 by Umer

Resolution passed by the Enlarged Plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India on the 19th September 1942, and confirmed by the First Congress of the Communist Party of India in May 1943.

All-India national unity based on communal harmony and Congress-League joint front is today an urent and pressing necessity to solve the present national crisis, to win national government from the hands of the British imperialist bureaucracy and to defend our Motherland against the fascist aggressor. This has brought the controversy of pakistan versus the unity of India sharply to the forefront. The Communist Party, therefore, lays down the main principles of the Communist policy on this issue.

1. The Communist party draws together the toilers of all castes, communities and nationalities in common class organizations (Trade Unions, Kissan Sabhas, etc.). It unites them politically as the vanguard of the United national front for achieving the freedom of our country and democracy. This is the cornerstone of the policy of achieving communal unity.

2. To build the united national front of the peoples of the various communities and nationalities that inhabit India, for the defense and freedom of our country, it is necessary to dispel the mutual distrust and suspicion that exists among them. This is a remnant of memories of past historical oppression and of present social inequalities arising out of the feudal imperialist exploitation. For this purpose, the basis rights of the communities and nationalities must be made an essential part of the programme of the united national front.

3. The programme of the U.N.F. must declare that in Free India, there will be perfect equality between nationalities and communities that live together in India. There will be no oppression of one nationality by another. There will be no inequalities or disabilities based on caste or community. To ensure this the national movement must recognize the following rights as part of its programme for national unity:

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